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History

Myanmar has a long history. Many peoples have lived in the region and the history began. 
The first identifiable civilization is that of the Mon. The Mon probably began migrating into the area in about 300 BC, and their first kingdom Suwarnabhumi, was founded around the port of Thaton in about 300 BC. The Pyu arrived in Myanmar in the 7th century and established city kingdoms at Binnaka, Mongamo, Sri Ksetra, and Halingyi. During this period, Myanmar was part of an overland trade route from China to India. By 849, the Burmans had founded a powerful kingdom centered on the city of Bagan and filled the void left by the Pyu. The kingdom grew in relative isolation until the reign of Anawrahta (1044 - 77) who successfully unified all of Myanmar by defeating the Mon city of Thaton in 1057.
After the collapse of Bagan authority, Myanmar was divided once again. The Burmans had restablished themselves at the city of Ava by 1364, where Bagan culture was revived and a great age of Burmese literature ensued. The kingdom lacked easily defendable borders, however, and was overrun by the Shan in 1527. Surviors of the destruction of Inwa eventually established a new kingdom centered on Taungoo in 1531 led by Tabinshwehti (reigned 1531-50), who once again unified most of Myanmar. A popular Burmese leader named Alaungpaya drove the Bago forces out of northern Myanmar by 1753, and by 1759 he had once again conquered Pegu and southern Myanmar while also regaining control of Manipur. He established his capital at Rangoon, now known as Yangon.
Myanmar was known to the West ever since western explorers had heard of it. Marko Polo was the earliest known westerner who discovered Myanmar and introduced to the West.
Therefore,there were mainly 3 main well-known empires in the Myanmar History. The First Myanmar Empire was created by King Anawrahta of the Bagan Dynasty (1044-1077 AD). The Second Myanmar Empire was created by King Bayinnaung of the Taungoo Dynasty (1551-1581 AD).

Location & Geography

The Union of Myanmar is geographically situated in Southeast Asia between latitudes 09 degrees 32 min N and 28 degrees 31 min N and longitudes 92 degrees 10 min E and 101 degrees 11 min E.

Myanmar is bordered on the north and northeast by the People's Republic of China, on the east and southwest by the Lao People's Democratic Republic and the Kingdom of Thailand, on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal and on the west by the People's Republic of Bangladesh and the Republic of India.

East longitude 96 degree 13 min and north latitude 16 degree 45 min run through Yangon, The Capital City of Myanmar. Myanmar standard Time, taken as a east longitude 97 degree 30 min is six hours and thirty minutes ahead of Greenwich Mean Time.

The Union of Myanmar is geographically situated in Southeast Asia between latitudes 09cated between Bangladesh and Thailand, with India and China to the north, Myanmar covers an area of about 675,000 sq km (over 260,000 sq mi). The capital and largest city is Yangon, an important trade center is Mandalay located in central Myanmar.

The country itself is divided into two classifications, Lower Myanmar and Upper Myanmar. Lower Myanmar is comprised of coastal areas with thick tropical forests that have valuable trees in them (teak forests, oil-bearing and timber trees) with Upper Myanmar making up the interior parts of the country.

A major topographical feature of Myanmar is the Irrawaddy River system. Since its deltaic plains are very fertile, it is considered to be the most important part of the country covering about 18,000 sq mi (47,000 sq km). Hkakabo Razi, the highest peak in Southeast Asia at 19,295 ft (5,881 m), is located in Myanmar. A barrier between India and Myanmar, the Rakhine Yoma range has peaks that range between 915 m (3,000 ft) and 1,525 m (5,000 ft).

Almost half of Myanmar is covered in forests that are comprised of teak, rubber, cinchona, acacia, bamboo, ironwood, mangrove, coconut, betel palm with northern highlands comprised of oak, pine and many varieties of rhododendron. There are many tropical fruits to be found as well, citrus, bananas, mangoes, and guavas in the coastal region.

Religion & People

The main religions of the country are Buddhism (89.2%), Christianity (5.0%), Islam (3.8%), Hinduism (0.5%), Spiritualism (1.2%) and others (0.2%). Religious intolerance or discrimination on grounds of religion is nonexistent in the Union of Myanmar throughout its long history.

Myanmar is made up of 135 national races, of which the main groups are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine and Shan.
The population is more than 75% rural, with almost half of the urban population found in the three largest cities:Yangon (about five millions), Mandalay (about one million) and Mawlamyine (about five hundred thousands). Population is estimated to be more than 60 million, of which Bamar are thought to make up about two-thirds. The nationality is Myanmar.
Some of the smaller ethnic groups include Akha, Palaung, Padaung, Naga, Taron and Eng. The mains religions are Buddhism, Christian and Muslim.
The major language is Myanmar,but minority ethnic groups have their own languages.

Subcategories

Subcategories

Real Renown Travel and Tour Co., Lt

Established travel and tour Operator Company based in Myanmar that provides outstanding service for tourists and business visitors to all parts of Myanmar.
With highly qualified staff we can organise group tours, environmentally responsible incoming tourism solutions in Myanmar, satisfying the desires of our clients.

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Contacts

  Building No (3), Room No (7), 
     First Floor, Kan Street,
     Hlaing Myint Mo Housing, 
     Hlaing Township
  Yangon, Myanmar.
  95-9-784754070,95-781952592
  95-9-781952375, 95-9-263832048
  info (@) realrenown.com